Technology Innovation Spotlight Report

Technology Innovation Spotlight Report

    References

    1. 2H 2023 Energy Storage Market Outlook – BloombergNEF
    2. Trends in batteries - IEA
    3. Difference Between Thermal Runaway and Fire Ignition of a Lithium Ion Battery - EPRI
    4. BESS Failure Event Database - EPRI
    5. Stellar growth for global energy storage - Wood Mackenzie
    6. The Evolution of Battery Energy Storage Safety Codes and Standards - EPRI In preparation.
    7. Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems - NFPA
    8. UL 9540 Energy Storage System (ESS) Requirements - Evolving to Meet Industry and Regulatory Needs – UL Solutions
    9. Battery Energy Storage Fire Prevention and Mitigation: Phase II - EPRI
    10. Battery Storage Fire Safety Roadmap - EPRI
    11. ESIC Energy Storage Reference Fire Hazard Mitigation Analysis - EPRI
    12. Air Modeling Simulations of Battery Energy Storage System Fires - EPRI
    13. Proactive Engagement with First Responders for Battery Energy Storage System Owners and Operators - EPRI
    14. The FAQs & facts about EV fires - evfiresafe
    15. Fires in electric vehicles in 2022 - MSB
    16. Tesla Vehicle Safety Report - TESLA
    17. Electric car sales continue to break records, but mineral supply constraints are looming - IEA
    18. Global Technical Regulations (GTRs) - UNECE
    19. Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety – SAE International
    20. National Fire Protection Association: Electric Vehicles
    21. TESLA: First Responders Information
    22. Responding to Electric Vehicle Fires Caused by Salt Water Flooding – U.S. Fire Administration
    23. Winter Storm Uri 2021 - Texas Comptroller's Office
    24. Why 6 flooded EVs burst into flames after Hurricane Ian – E&E News
    25. ALL ELECTRIFIED TRANSPORT LIB FIRE INCIDENTS - evfiresafe
    26. CPSC's Forum on Lithium-ion Battery Safety - CPSC
    27. How E-Bike Battery Fires Became a Deadly Crisis in New York City – New York Times
    28. UL 2272 and the Safety of Personal E-Mobility Devices – UL Solutions
    29. Standard For Batteries For Use In Light Electric Vehicle (LEV) Applications - ANSI
    30. Micromobility Device Safety Testing and Certification – UL Solutions
    31. Important Safety Information Concerning Micromobility Devices - CPSC
    32. CPSC Calls on Manufacturers to Comply with Safety Standards for Battery-Powered Products to Reduce the Risk of Injury and Death - CPSC
    33. CPSC's Forum on Lithium-ion Battery Safety - CPSC

    References

    1. National Research Council. 2015. Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
    2. Diamond, M. S.: Detection of large-scale cloud microphysical changes within a major shipping corridor after implementation of the International Maritime Organization 2020 fuel sulfur regulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 8259–8269, 2023.
    3. Paul Voosen, 08/02/2023. "Ship fuel rules have altered clouds and warmed waters". Science, 381, 6657, Pp. 467-468.
    4. Dimensions.ai. 'Solar Geoengineering' in Publications.
    5. Ken Caldeira, Govindasamy Bala, Long Cao. "The Science of Geoengineering", Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 2013 41:1, 231-256, May 2013
    6. Lizzie Burns, David Keith, Peter Irvine, Joshua Horton. Ed. Bogdan Belei. “Technology Factsheet Series: Solar Geoengineering” Paper, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, June 2019.
    7. IPCC, 2012: Meeting Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Expert Meeting on Geoengineering [O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, C. Field, V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, Q. Dahe, J. Minx, K. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S. Schlömer, G. Hansen, M. Mastrandrea (eds.)]. IPCC Working Group III Technical Support Unit, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany, pp. 99.
    8. Chad M. Baum, Sean Low, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Between the sun and us: Expert perceptions on the innovation, policy, and deep uncertainties of space-based solar geoengineering, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 158, 2022, 112179, ISSN 1364-0321.
    9. OSTP. (2023). Congressionally Mandated Research Plan and an Initial Research Governance Framework Related to Solar Radiation Modification. Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC, USA.
    10. David Keith. 11/12/2021. “Toward constructive disagreement about geoengineering: A shared taxonomy of concerns may help.” Science, 374, 6569, Pp. 812-815.
    11. James Temple. "This technology could alter the entire planet. These groups want every nation to have a say….", MIT Technology Review, 17 April 2023

    References

    1. Andrae, A.S., & Edler, T. (2015). On global electricity usage of communication technology: trends to 2030. Challenges, 6(1), 117-157.
    2. Andrae, A. S. (2020). New perspectives on internet electricity use in 2030. Engineering and Applied Science Letters, 3(2), 19-31.
    3. Barroso, L. A., & Hölzle, U. (2007). The case for energy-proportional computing. Computer, 40(12).
    4. Costenaro, D., & Duer, A. (2012). The Megawatts behind Your Megabytes: Going from Data-Center to Desktop. American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.
    5. Koomey, J.G. (2008). Worldwide electricity used in data centers. Environmental Research Letters, 3(034008).
    6. Koot, M., & Wijnhoven, F. (2021). Usage impact on data center electricity needs: A system dynamic forecasting model. Applied Energy, 291(116798).
    7. Lacoste, A., Luccioni, A., Schmidt, V., & Dandres, T. (2019). Quantifying the Carbon Emissions of Machine Learning. arXiv Preprint, arXiv:1910.09700.
    8. Mittal, S. (2019). A Survey of Techniques for Improving Energy Efficiency in Embedded Machine Learning Systems. arXiv Preprint, arXiv:1904.10462.
    9. Mysore, M., Woetzel, J., & Gupta, S. (2022). Investing in the Rising Data Center Economy. - McKinsey & Company.
    10. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2017). The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures. - National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
    11. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2022). 2022 Standard Scenarios Report: A U.S. Electricity Sector Outlook. - National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
    12. Patterson, D., et al. (2022). The Carbon Footprint of Machine Learning Training Will Plateau, Then Shrink. - Google & University of California-Berkeley.
    13. PJM Resource Adequacy Planning Department. (2022). 2023 Load Forecast Supplement. PJM Resource Adequacy Planning Department.
    14. Raizada, A., & Singh, K. (2020). Worldwide energy consumption of hyperscale data centers: a Survey. International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 02(11).
    15. Shehabi, A., Smith, S. J., Sartor, D., Brown, R. E., Herrlin, M., Koomey, J., ... & Lintner, W. (2016).
    16. United States data center energy usage report. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA.
    17. Shehabi, A., Smith, S. J., Masanet, E., & Koomey, J. (2018). Data center growth in the United States:
    18. decoupling the demand for services from electricity use. Environmental Research Letters, 13(124030).
    19. Statista. (2023). Data Center Market in the United States - Statistics & Facts. - Statista.
    20. Strubell, E., Ganesh, A., & McCallum, A. (2019). Energy and Policy Considerations for Deep Learning in NLP. Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 3645–3650.
    21. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2020). Annual Energy Outlook 2020 with Projections to 2050. - U.S. Energy Information Administration.
    22. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2022). Annual Energy Outlook 2022 with Projections to 2050. - U.S. Energy Information Administration.
    23. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2023). Tailpipe Greenhouse Gas Emissions for a Typical Passenger Vehicle. - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
    24. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2018). Quantifying the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
    25. Zodhya, T. (2023). How Much Energy Does ChatGPT Consume? - Medium.

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