Changing Demand and Net Demand Characteristics
The growth in certain types of generation, such as solar power, affects net load shapes, which can lead to increasingly steep net load ramps at times of increasing or decreasing solar outputs. This can create new periods of stress for power systems where sufficient capacity may be installed, however ramping capabilities may be insufficient to meet net load.
Electrification of various parts of the economy, including transport, industry, and hydrogen generation has the potential affect load shapes and electricity consumption, however, new opportunities may arise if these assets are able to provide demand-side flexibility. Additionally, climate change impacts on demand may also need to be considered, particularly in studies with greater look-ahead horizons.